THE DEVELOPMENT OF TONE IN PANJABI AS EVIDENCED IN THE POETIC ALLITERATION PATTERNS
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1985
Since the Nineteenth Century scholars have observed that Panjabi, unlike
the other Indo-European languages of India, has tone. My thesis is divided
into four chapters: (I) A short description of Pnajabi phonology. (II)
A review of the literature concerning Panjabi tone. (III) A discussion
of tone in languages other than Panjabi. (IV) Evidence from poetry supporting
my thesis that the tonal phenomenon in Panjabi is recent. In the last
chapter I examine poetry from the Adi Granth, poetry by Shah Husain, the
Epic of Hira and Ranjha by Varis Shah, and poetry by many modern poets.
Evidence for initial alliteration between voiceless unaspirates and voiced
aspirates is common only in the work of the modern poets, suggesting that
the changes in tone occurred recently, perhaps as recently as the Nineteenth
about the Department?
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