FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES AND COMPLEMENTATION: IN ENGLISH, KOREAN AND TURKISH
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1991
Languages typically have several clausal complement constructions which
vary in syntactic distribution. This thesis is an attempt to analyze and
compare some of these clausal complements in English, Korean and Turkish.
We especially focus on so-called 'clausal nominals' such as gerunds in
English and Turkish and the corresponding constructions in Korean. Paying
attention to the Janus-faced characteristics of these constructions which
have both nominal and sentential aspects, we explore the possibility of
analyzing so-called functional categories like COMP and INFL as having
an internal feature structure such as COMP (+N), COMP ($-$N), etc. On
the basis of the Extended X'-Theory, we propose that these constructions
are the projections of functional categories, arguing against the view
that recognizes the existence of a noun phrase in these constructions.
The nominal aspect of these constructions is attributed to the core features
of the head of projections such as the (+N) feature. The sentential aspect
of them is naturally ascribed to the internal structure of these constructions
which is equivalent to that of finite clauses. In chapter 2 and 3, we
investigate gerunds in English, and their counterparts in Korean and Turkish
respectively. We consider the consequences of our assumption in chapter
4. We conclude the thesis with the proposal that these constructions are
basically similar in their structure; minimal cross-linguistic variation
lies in several parametric differences such as the difference in Case
about the Department?
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