THE MAJOR SYNTACTIC STRUCTURES OF XHOSA: A PARTIAL TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMAR
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1982
Xhosa is a Bantu language of the Nguni group spoken in South Africa.
This thesis presents a set of ordered, formal rules based on Chomsky's
'Standard Theory' which accounts for the kernel sentences of Xhosa as
well as a set of major transformational rules which operate on those kernel
sentences. The transformations include those involving conjoining and
embedding (e.g. Relativization, Nominalization, Infinitivization); Passive,
Interrogative, Negative, and Imperative; and 'housekeeping' (e.g. Agreement).
Data includes unpublished and published works (primarily A. C. Jordan's
A Practical Course in Xhosa) as well as elicitation and information from
exiled informants in the United States and Zambia.
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