THE SYNTAX OF RESTRICTIVE AND NONRESTRICTIVE RELATIVE CLAUSES IN JAPANESE
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1989
This dissertation proposes a syntactic analysis of Japanese relative
clauses based on Higginbotham's theory of theta discharge (1985, 1986)
and Speas' projection system (1986). Restrictive relatives are analyzed
to involve the movement of the null operator and non-restrictive relatives
are treated as base generated adjunction licensed by 'aboutness conditions.'
Chapter One examines so called gapless relatives. It is pointed out that
the semantic relations between the head and the relative clause is best
captured if we assume a gap in a relative clause. After the detailed examination
of the various noun modification structures it is hypothesized that only
restrictive relative clauses require a gap. Chapter Two proposes a null
operator analysis of restrictive relative clauses. Following Browning
(1987), it is proposed that restrictive relative clauses involve movement
of the null operator which licenses a subject-predication relation. The
movement analysis for restrictive relatives is also supported by the distribution
of gaps. the resumptive pronouns, the unboundedness, the constraints on
movement, and the reconstruction effects. Chapter Three investigates some
counter examples to movement analysis. The detailed examination of the
data along with Huang's (1984) GCR, and our assumption that only restrictive
relative clauses involve movement account for the problems. It is also
suggested the extraction from adverbial clauses is mediated by a matrix
A$/sp/prime$-chain. In Chapter Four the structures of restrictive and
nonrestrictive relative clauses in Japanese are proposed based on the
D-structure we assume. Noun phrases in Japanese are treated as KPs (Kase
Phrases), which has significant advantages on our analysis. Some other
empirical and theoretical consequences are discussed.
about the Department?
Questions/Comments about this website?