Phonological aspects of 9abady Arabic: A Bedouin Jordanian dialect
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1999
The main objective of this study is to describe the phonology of 9abady
Arabic (9A), a Bedouin Jordanian dialect that has not been investigated
before, and to provide an analysis in light of recent phonological theories
(autosegmental phonology and feature geometry). The study investigates
the major phonological processes of 9A, focusing on the behavior of emphatics
and gutturals, emphasis spread (ES), and emphatics and gutturals interaction.
This dissertation contains six chapters. Chapter one introduces the objectives,
the Jordanian dialects, the dialect of 9A, the relevant literature, and
an overview. Chapter two investigates the phonological aspects of 9A and
examines the behavior of gutturals and emphatics. Consonants, vowels,
syllable types, stress assignment, and verb measures are presented. The
major phonological processes discussed include epenthesis, syncope, trisyllabic
elision, raising, umlaut, [ghawah] and [bs&dotbelow;alah] patterns,
/l/ assimilation, prefix /t-/ and infix /-t-/ assimilation, and glides
and glottal stop processes. Chapter three presents 9A emphatics, gutturals,
ES, and emphatics and gutturals interaction. The correlates of emphatics
and gutturals and the natural class status of gutturals are discussed.
Structural aspects of ES are covered, including types, domain, emphasis
blockers, and the effects of morpheme and word boundaries. Evidence for
emphatics as a natural class is provided, and the status of /r/ is discussed.
Chapter four provides an autosegmental analysis of ES which affects all
segments of a root/complex word. Four possible approaches are examined
where the source of emphasis might be a syllable, a vowel, a suprasegmental
feature, or an emphatic consonant. Arguments are presented against the
first three and in favor of the fourth analysis. Chapter five presents
a feature geometric account of ES, discussing how the articulator-based
model (e.g., McCarthy 1994, Halle 1995) and the constriction-based model
(e.g., Herzallah 1990) would account for facts in 9A. Problematic for
both models of McCarthy and Halle, the interaction of emphatics and gutturals
results in major violations of the Obligatory Contour Principle and the
No Crossing Constraint (NCC). A modification to both models is proposed
and adopted. Herzallah's model encounters serious NCC violations and is
evaluated as less highly valued. Finally, chapter six provides a summary.
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