Syntactic description and argument structure: Unaccusativity, passivization, binding
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1999
Throughout this thesis, I show that the notion of the argument structure
of a predicative head, which means a lexical head with its own theta-roles
to assign, is an important notion in certain areas of the syntactic descriptions.
In Chapter 2, I show that the Unaccusative Hypothesis well motivated in
the study of the clitic ne in Italian and the resultative constructions
in English can be motivated also in the study of the linking regularity
in Korean. I argue that the verbs which has been traditionally regarded
as the lexical passive verbs in Korean are in fact the unaccusative verbs,
while the periphrastic passive verbs in Korean are true passive verbs.
I consider the derivation of unaccusative verbs and passive verbs in Korean
and argue that the unaccusative verbs are derived in the lexicon by the
lexical rule operating on the argument structures of the predicative heads,
i.e., the corresponding transitive verbs, while the passive verbs are
derived in syntax by syntactic incorporation. In chapter 3, I examine
the relevance of the notion of the argument structure of a predicative
head to the binding theory. Chomsky (1980, 1981, 1982, 1986) and Chomsky
and Lasnik (1993), among others, develop the structural binding theory
in which the structural notion of c-command is a central notion. Pointing
out some empirical problems with the structural binding theory, Reinhart
and Reuland (1991, 1993) and Reuland and Reinhart (1991) develop the thematic
binding theory in which the notion of the argument structure of a predicative
head is a central one. I point out some problems with both the structural
binding theory and the thematic binding theory, and propose the
structural and thematic binding theory into which the notion of c-command
from the structural binding theory and the notion of argument structure
of a predicative head from the thematic binding theory are incorporated.
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