SYNTAX OF SOME NOMINAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN KOREAN
Sun Woo Lee
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1983
This study explores syntactic aspects of three types of Korean nominal
constructions: embedded sentences having the three complementizers, and
functioning as subjects or objects of their matrix sentences; noun phrases
which contain substantive nominals; and relative nominal constructions
which comprise relative clauses followed by their head nouns. Many of
the theories set forth in Chomsky (1981) have been tested in their application
to Korean. The dissertation provides an analysis of a fragment of the
grammar of Korean and explores what the Korean data may contribute towards
a theory of universal grammar. Chapter 1 gives a summary of the chapters.
Chapter 2 presents that Korean word order is considerably less free than
that of so-called 'W-star' languages. Scrambling operates within one bounding
node. Korean pro-drop is investigated, too. I suggest that non-configurational
languages like Korean can be fully described using a maximal projection
of one X-bar level. In Chapter 3, nominal constructions using the complementizers,
kus, (u)m, and ki are investigated. Korean complementizers (Comp) and
their English counterparts (COMP) are shown to be very different in that
COMP in English admits the movement of WH-phrases, while Comp in Korean
has no empty category in itself. Thus there is no (')A-binder in Korean.
The binding relations between antecedents in the matrix and anaphors/pronominals
in the embedded sentence are discussed. Korean anaphors need not to be
bound in their governing categories. In Chapter 4, the relation between
substantive nominals and their corresponding verb forms is examined. In
the noun phrases which contain substantive nominals, scrambling operates
to produce a variation in the surface forms. In this case, however, scrambling
moves major constituents such as NP and PP. Several proposals of the derivation
of relative nominals are examined in Chapter 5; I propose a zero resumptive
pronoun hypothesis. Ordinary pronouns and resumptive pronouns are discussed.
The choice between zero resumptive pronouns and overt resumptive pronouns
in the relative clause does not result in any difference in meaning.
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